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All you need to know about Pathogens in the vagina and impact of Lactic acid films for eliminating them

Importance of Lactic Acid in Maintaining Vaginal Health

The vagina is a complex and dynamic ecosystem that hosts a diverse range of microorganisms, including beneficial and harmful bacteria. The balance of these microorganisms is essential for maintaining good vaginal health and preventing infections. One of the critical components of the vaginal ecosystem is lactic acid, which plays a crucial role in promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria and keeping harmful pathogens at bay.

But do you know what pathogens are?

Pathogens are defined as organisms that cause disease in their hosts based on the severity of their symptoms, known as virulence. Pathogens range from viruses to bacteria to unicellular to multicellular eukaryotes. In all living organisms, pathogens can infect them, including bacteria, which are targeted by viruses called phages.

How do pathogens impact the Vagina?

We know that Vagina is a warm and moist environment that is an ideal breeding ground for both beneficial and harmful microorganisms.

Some beneficial microorganisms, like Lactobacillus species, help prevent pathogen growth in the vagina by producing lactic acid, which aids in maintaining the pH balance.

If the balance of the vaginal microbiome is disrupted, harmful pathogens (bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa) found in the vagina can take hold and cause infections.

What are the main issues one gets due to Vaginal Disruptions?

Here are a couple of conditions caused due to vaginal disruption:

  1. Bacterial vaginosis: It is a condition that is caused by the overgrowth of harmful bacteria, which can lead to unpleasant symptoms such as itching, burning, and an unpleasant odour.
    Yeast infections, caused by an overgrowth of Candida yeast, can also cause itching, burning, and discharge.
  2. Sexually transmitted infections (STIs): STI's such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, and herpes, can also be transmitted through sexual contact and cause serious health problems. Group B strep is another type of bacteria commonly found in the vagina and can cause infections in newborns during delivery.

Is it possible to stay away from vaginal disruptions?

Yes, it is possible! Vagina is a self-healing organ; it produces good bacteria and acids like Lactic acid that plays a crucial role in keeping vagina healthy.

What is lactic acid and how does it aid in vaginal health?

Lactic acid is the primary acid in the vaginal lumen of reproductive-age women and the principal determinant of the acidity of the vaginal environment.

It is a naturally occurring organic acid produced by beneficial bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, present in the vagina that aids in maintaining a healthy pH balance and is essential for preventing the growth of harmful pathogens.

How does lactic acid impact vaginal health?

A high level of lactic acid in the vagina maintains a healthy pH balance in the vagina. This promotes beneficial bacteria and prevents harmful pathogens. However, several factors, including menstruation, sexual activity, and medication, can alter the vaginal pH balance.

A lactic acid imbalance results in vaginal disturbances due to bacterial infections, and the treatment is to take antibiotics.

However, you will no longer have to worry about it.

Our innovative solution - SILERO:

We have an innovative solution for vaginal imbalance and that is Silero - A lactic acid vaginal film which is a revolutionary therapy used to balance the lactic acid levels in your vagina that balances the pH levels of vagina and aids in healthy vaginal function

Here are a few benefits of Lactic Acid Film for Vaginal health:

  • Preventing bacterial vaginosis: Lactic acid film helps maintain a healthy pH balance in the vagina, preventing the overgrowth of harmful bacteria that can cause bacterial vaginosis.
  • Reducing the risk of yeast infections: Lactic acid film can also help to prevent the overgrowth of Candida yeast, which can cause yeast infections.
  • Promoting a healthy immune system: Beneficial bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, produce lactic acid as part of their metabolism, which can help to boost the immune system and prevent infections.
  • Protecting newborns: Lactic acid-producing bacteria in the vagina can help to protect newborns from Group B strep infections during delivery. In addition to these benefits, lactic acid has been shown to have other health-promoting effects. For example, it can help to reduce inflammation and improve wound healing. It can also act as an antioxidant, protecting cells from damage caused by free radicals.

Maintaining Vaginal Health

It is essential for overall health and well-being. Several steps can be taken to promote vaginal health, including:

  • Practicing good hygiene: This includes washing the genital area regularly with mild soap and water and wiping from front to back after using the toilet.
  • Avoiding irritants: Avoid using perfumed products, such as soaps and powders, in the genital area, as these can irritate the skin and disrupt the vaginal microbiome.
  • Wearing breathable clothing: Avoid wearing tight-fitting clothing or synthetic fabrics that can trap moisture and heat, promoting the growth of harmful bacteria.
  • Using condoms: Using condoms during sexual activity can help to prevent the transmission of STIs, which can disrupt the vaginal microbiome and cause infections.
  • Eating a healthy diet: Eating a diet rich in nutrients, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can help to promote a healthy immune system and support the growth of beneficial bacteria in the vagina.
  • Managing stress: Chronic stress can negatively affect the immune system and disrupt the balance of the vaginal microbiome. Stress management techniques, such as meditation or yoga, can help reduce stress and promote vaginal health.


The vaginal microbiome, a complex and dynamic ecosystem, is crucial in maintaining vaginal health. Lactic acid, produced by beneficial bacteria, such as Lactobacillus, is essential for promoting beneficial bacteria's growth and preventing harmful pathogens' growth.

Maintaining good vaginal health requires a multifaceted approach, including practicing good hygiene, wearing breathable clothing, using condoms, eating a healthy diet, and managing stress. By taking steps to promote vaginal health, individuals can help to prevent infections and maintain overall health and well-being.

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